A majority of central banks resort to derivatives as a way to optimise their wider reserve management objectives.
In Reserve Benchmarks 2021, 69% of 45 participants said they use derivatives for some purpose. Two central banks did not provide data to this question.
Central banks may use derivatives – defined here as a security whose value depends on some other underlying asset – to bolster returns and mitigate risks associated with interest rates or currency fluctuations.
In fact, most (58%)